Garbo was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress and received an Academy Honorary Award in for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances. Mayer , chief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer , who brought her to Hollywood in , she stirred interest with her first silent film, released in Garbo's first talking film was Anna Christie. MGM marketers enticed the public with the tagline " Garbo talks! For her performances in these films she received the first of three Academy Award nominations for Best Actress..
I Remember Mama
In , her popularity allowed her to dictate the terms of her contract and she became selective about her roles. Her success continued in films such as Grand Hotel. Many critics and film historians consider her performance as the doomed courtesan Marguerite Gautier in Camille to be her finest; the role gained her a second Academy Award nomination.
Garbo's career soon declined and she was one of the many stars labeled "box office poison" in , her career revived upon her turn to comedy in Ninotchka , which earned her a third Academy Award nomination, but after the failure of Two-Faced Woman , she retired from the screen, at the age of 35, after acting in twenty-eight films. From on, Garbo declined all opportunities to return to the screen. Shunning publicity, she led a private life.
Garbo became an art collector in her life. He moved to Stockholm to become independent and worked in various odd jobs—street cleaner, factory worker and butcher's assistant. The Gustafssons were impoverished and lived in a three-bedroom cold-water flat at Blekingegatan No. They brought up their three children in a working class district regarded as the city's slum. Garbo would recall: It was eternally grey—those long winter's nights. My father would be sitting in a corner. On the other side of the room my mother is sighing. We children would be talking in low voices, or just sitting silently.
We were filled with anxiety ; such evenings are unforgettable for a sensitive girl. Where we lived, all the houses and apartments looked alike, their ugliness matched by everything surrounding us. Garbo was a shy daydreamer as a child, she preferred to play alone. Yet she was an imaginative child and a natural leader who became interested in theatre at an early age, she dreamed of becoming an actress. She would participate in amateur theatre with her friends and frequent the Mosebacke Theatre. At the age of 13, Garbo graduated from school, typical of a Swedish working class girl at that time, she did not attend high school.
She acknowledged a resulting inferiority complex. In the winter of , the Spanish flu spread throughout Stockholm, Garbo's father, to whom she was close, became ill, he began missing work and lost his job. Garbo stayed at home taking him to the hospital for weekly treatments, he died in Garbo first worked as a soap-lather girl in a barber's shop but on the advice of her friends, applied for, accepted, a position in the PUB department store, running errands and working in the millinery department.
Before long, she began modeling hats for the store's catalogues, which led to a more lucrative job as a fashion model. In late , a director of film commercials for the store began casting Garbo in roles advertising women's clothing, her first commercial was followed by others the following year.
Thus began Garbo's cinematic career. In , Garbo caught the attention of director Erik Arthur Petschler who gave her a part in his short comedy, Peter the Tramp. She played opposite a well-known Swedish actor. Pabst and co-starring As. Founded in , the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company , publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr.
Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mids, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan , Christopher Morgan , Edward B. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative , in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In , the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California , which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed.
One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair , the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army , began on July 13, On " Newspaper Row ", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police , who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In , Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In , the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September , has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal , which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism".
Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr. Euthanasia Euthanasia is the practice of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering. There are different euthanasia laws in each country; the British House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics defines euthanasia as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering".
In the Netherlands and Belgium , euthanasia is understood as "termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient"; the Dutch law however, does not use the term'euthanasia' but includes it under the broader definition of "assisted suicide and termination of life on request". Euthanasia is categorized in different ways, which include non-voluntary , or involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is legal in some countries.
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Non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries. Involuntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries and is considered murder; as of , euthanasia is the most active area of research in contemporary bioethics. In some countries there is a divisive public controversy over the moral and legal issues of euthanasia. Passive euthanasia is legal under some circumstances in many countries. Active euthanasia however is legal or de facto legal in only a handful of countries and is limited to specific circumstances and the approval of councilors and doctors or other specialists. In some countries such as Nigeria , Saudi Arabia and Pakistan , support for active euthanasia is non-existent.
Like other terms borrowed from history, "euthanasia" has had different meanings depending on usage; the first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetonius , who described how the Emperor Augustus , "dying and without suffering in the arms of his wife, experienced the'euthanasia' he had wished for. However, it is argued that this approach fails to properly define euthanasia, as it leaves open a number of possible actions which would meet the requirements of the definition, but would not be seen as euthanasia. In particular, these include situations where a person kills another, but for no reason beyond that of personal gain.
Another approach incorporates the notion of suffering into the definition; the definition offered by the Oxford English Dictionary incorporates suffering as a necessary condition, with "the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma ", This approach is included in Marvin Khol and Paul Kurtz's definition of it as "a mode or act of inducing or permitting death painlessly as a relief from suffering". Counterexamples can be given: such definitions may encompass killing a person suffering from an incurable disease for personal gain, commentators such as Tom Beauchamp and Arnold Davidson have argued that doing so would constitute "murder simpliciter" rather than euthanasia.
The third element incorporated into many definitions is that of intentionality — the death must be intended, rather than being accidental, the intent of the action must be a "merciful death".
Michael Wreen argued that "the principal thing that distinguishes euthanasia from intentional killing simpliciter is the agent's motive: it must be a good motive insofar as the good of the person killed is concerned. Draper argued that any definition of euthanasia must incorporate four elements: an agent and a subject.
Based on this, she offered a definition incorporating those elements, stating that euthanasia "must be defined as death that results from the intention of one person to kill another person, using the most gentle and painless means possible, motivated by the best interests of the person who dies.
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Their definition discounts fetuses to distinguish between abortions and euthanasia: In summary, we have argued The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of Venice is a 16th-century play written by William Shakespeare in which a merchant in Venice must default on a large loan provided by a Jewish moneylender , Shylock. It is believed to have been written between and Though classified as a comedy in the First Folio and sharing certain aspects with Shakespeare's other romantic comedies, the play is most remembered for its dramatic scenes, it is best known for Shylock and the famous "Hath not a Jew eyes?
Notable is Portia's speech about "the quality of mercy".
Critic Harold Bloom listed it among Shakespeare's great comedies. Bassanio, a young Venetian of noble rank, wishes to woo the beautiful and wealthy heiress Portia of Belmont. Having squandered his estate, he needs 3, ducats to subsidise his expenditures as a suitor.
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Bassanio approaches his friend Antonio, a wealthy merchant of Venice who has and bailed him out. Antonio agrees, but since he is cash-poor — his ships and merchandise are busy at sea to Tripolis, the Indies and England — he promises to cover a bond if Bassanio can find a lender, so Bassanio turns to the Jewish moneylender Shylock and names Antonio as the loan's guarantor. Antonio has antagonized Shylock through his outspoken antisemitism and because Antonio's habit of lending money without interest forces Shylock to charge lower rates. Shylock is at first reluctant to grant the loan, he agrees to lend the sum to Bassanio without interest upon one condition: if Antonio is unable to repay it at the specified date, Shylock may take a pound of Antonio's flesh.
Bassanio does not want Antonio to accept such a risky condition. With money in hand, Bassanio leaves for Belmont with his friend Gratiano, who has asked to accompany him. Gratiano is a likeable young man, but he is flippant, overly talkative, tactless. Bassanio warns his companion to exercise self-control , the two leave for Belmont.
Meanwhile, in Belmont, Portia is awash with suitors, her father left a will stipulating that each of her suitors must choose from one of three caskets, made of gold and lead respectively. Whoever picks the right casket wins Portia's hand; the first suitor, the Prince of Morocco , chooses the gold casket, interpreting its slogan, "Who chooseth me shall gain what many men desire", as referring to Portia. The second suitor, the conceited Prince of Aragon , chooses the silver casket, which proclaims, "Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves", as he believes he is full of merit.
Both suitors leave empty-handed, having rejected the lead casket because of the baseness of its material and the uninviting nature of its slogan, "Who chooseth me must give and hazard all he hath"; the last suitor is Bassanio, whom Portia wishes having met him before.
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At Venice, Antonio's ships are reported lost at sea, so the merchant cannot repay the bond. Shylock has become more determined to exact revenge from Christians because his daughter Jessica eloped with the Christian Lorenzo and converted, she took a substantial amount of Shylock's wealth with her, as well as a turquoise ring which Shylock had been given by his late wife, Leah. Shylock has Antonio brought before court. At Belmont, Bassanio receives a letter telling him that Antonio has been unable to repay the loan from Shylock.
Portia and Bassanio marry, as do Portia's handmaid Nerissa. Shipping to: Worldwide. No additional import charges at delivery! This item will be shipped through the Global Shipping Program and includes international tracking. Learn more - opens in a new window or tab.